Russia has released the video of largest nuclear explosion the world has ever seen. A 40-minute video of previously classified material was released this month by the country’s state-run nuclear division ROSATOM in connection with the celebration of 75 years of nuclear industry.
It is the biggest ever nuclear bomb explosion testing people can view from their eyes. The name for the devastating device was the Tsar Bomba or the Tsar Bomb, and it was detonated on 30 October 1961 off the coast of Severny Island near the Arctic Ocean. Let’s find out few facts and figures or how much it was powerful compare to other known nuclear blasts.
Facts & Figures of Biggest Russian Nuclear Bomb Test
A hydrogen bomb with 50 megatons – or 50 million tons – of conventional explosive, it was 3,333 times more powerful than the bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan.
It was also far more destructive than the largest hydrogen bomb the United States had ever set off back in 1954 when it detonated a 15 megaton device.
The weapon itself was huge, weighing a massive 27 tonnes and about eight metres in length. In order for it to be dropped, some of the fuel tanks had to be removed from the Tu-95V Soviet bomber in order to accommodate it.
It was detonated at around 4,000 meters above the ground.
The explosion was so powerful the bomber was hit by the shockwave, despite being 120 km away at the point of detonation, with the blast itself visible from an incredible 1000 km away.
After 40 seconds, the dome of the fire reached 30 km and thereafter developed into a mushroom cloud which soared to a height of 60-65 kilometers with a diameter of 90 km making it about seven times higher than Mount Everest, and reports claim it destroyed buildings within 55 km of it.
It was also later found that the Tsar Bomb could, potentially, have been even more powerful than it was as it was originally designed to deliver a colossal 100-megaton blast but was scaled down in order to protect the wider population from the explosion.
Although being detonated four kilometers above the ground, the seismic shock wave equivalent to an earthquake of over 5.0 on the Richter scale was measured around the world.
The Tu-95 plane carrying the bomb was far away at the time of detonation. However, the explosion’s shock wave caused the aircraft to instantly lose 1,000 meters of altitude, but it later landed safely.
Watch Full Video of Tsar Hydrogen Bomb Explosion Testing
Reaction of People and other Nations on this Explosion
This also wasn’t the only powerful detonation Russia carried out during this time. Throughout the early 1960s the Soviet Union completed several other tests with forces ranging between 20 and 24 megatons.
The Tsar Bomb, however, was one of the last above ground nuclear tests ever carried out as the US, UK, and the Soviet Union signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963, which stated that all future tests had to be carried out beneath ground.
Radiation fallout was measured all over Scandinavia, and international condemnation followed. Hence, Domestic protests were also voiced inside the USSR, among them from Andrei Sakharov who began speaking out against nuclear weapons.
In his book, Memoirs, Sakharov wrote in detail against the Soviet leadership’s policies. In 1975, Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, but Moscow denied him permission to go to Oslo for the ceremony.
After the Tsar Bomba and other thermonuclear tests on Novaya Zemlya and by the United States in the Pacific, the two superpowers realized the craziness of conducting atmospheric tests with huge radioactive fallouts.
In 1963, the United States and the Soviet Union signed the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty banning tests in the atmosphere, outer space and underwater harming the environment of the earth. Consequently, nuclear weapons tests were conducted underground. The last two such tests took place at Novaya Zemlya on October 24, 1990.
In 1996, the UN adopted the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, prohibiting any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosions.
The Pictures of Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2020 Winner
The prestigious wildlife photographer of the year 2020 award won by Sergey Gorshkov’s with a picture of a tigress hugging a tree. Captured using a hidden camera trap, the pic shows the female tiger standing on its hind legs to embrace an ancient Manchurian fir, “rubbing her cheek against bark to leave secretions from her scent glands”.
Many international photographers were nominated and won the award into different categories. Right here we brought those pictures for you that will make feel good while looking at these captivating images of wildlife in their natural environment.
Wildlife Photographer of The Year 2020 Images & Winners
Winner – 16 Years Old Grand Title, Finland
It was on a summer holiday in Helsinki that Liina, then aged 13, heard about a large fox family living in the city suburbs on the island of Lehtisaari. The island has both wooded areas and fox-friendly citizens, and the foxes are relatively unafraid of humans. So Liina spent one long July day, without a hide, watching the two adults and their six large cubs.
Winner – Behaviour, Invertebrates, France
This remarkable simultaneous framing of a red-banded sand wasp (left) and a cuckoo wasp, about to enter next-door nest holes in Normandy, France. Though these two species don’t regularly interact, Deschandol was gifted a perfectly balanced composition by the insects’ fortuitous flight paths to their nest holes.
Winner – Mogens Trolle, Denmark
A young male proboscis amazing monkey cocks his head slightly and closes his eyes. Unexpected pale blue eyelids now complement his immaculately groomed auburn hair. He poses for a few seconds as if in meditation.
He is a wild visitor to the feeding station at Labuk Bay Proboscis Monkey Sanctuary in Sabah, Borneo – ‘the most laid-back character,’ says Trolle, ‘quite unlike anything I’ve ever seen on another monkey’ – connects us, he hopes, with a fellow primate.
Winner – 11 to 14 years old Sam Sloss, Italy/USA
On a diving holiday in north Sulawesi, Indonesia, Sam stopped to watch the behaviour of a group of clownfishes around their home, a magnificent anemone. It was only when he downloaded the photos that he saw tiny eyes peeping out of its mouth.
It was a ‘tongue-eating louse’, a parasitic isopod that swims in through the gills as a male, changes sex, grows legs and attaches itself to the base of the tongue, sucking blood. When the tongue withers and drops off, the isopod takes its place.
Winner – Andrés Luis Dominguez Blanco, Spain
In spring, the meadows near Andrés’ home in Ubrique, in Andalucia, Spain, are bright with flowers, such as these sweet-scented sulla vetches. Late one day, he watched this male closely. It often landed on branches or the top of small bushes.
But this time it perched on a flower stem, which began to bend under its delicate weight. The stonechat kept perfect balance and Andrés framed his perfect composition.
Winner – Shanyuan Li, China
This rare picture of a family of Pallas’s cats, or manuls, on the remote steppes of the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau in northwest China is the result of six years’ work at high altitude. These small cats are normally solitary, hard to find and mostly active at dawn and dusk.
Winner – Jaime Culebras, Spain
A Manduriacu glass frog snacks on a spider in the foothills of the Andes, northwestern Ecuador. After a four hour trek in the rain, Culebras was thrilled to spot one small frog clinging to a branch, its eyes like shimmering mosaics. This is the first picture of this newly discovered species feeding.
Winner –Jose Luis Ruiz Jiménez, Spain
After several hours up to his chest in water in a lagoon near Brozas, in the west of Spain, Jiménez captured this intimate moment of a great crested grebe family. His camera floated on a U-shaped platform beneath the small camouflaged tent that also hid his head.
Winner – Luciano Gaudenzio, Italy
From a great gash on the southern flank of Mount Etna, lava flows within a huge lava tunnel, re-emerging further down the slope as an incandescent red river, veiled in volcanic gases. Gaudenzio described the vent as resembling ‘an open wound on the rough and wrinkled skin of a huge dinosaur’.
Winner – Songda Cai, China
A tiny diamondback squid paralarva flits below in the blackness, stops hunting for an instant when caught in the light beam, gilds itself in shimmering gold and then moves gracefully out of the light. The beam was Songda’s, on a night‑dive over deep water, far off the coast of Anilao, in the Philippines.
Winner – Paul Hilton, UK/Australia
A young pig-tailed macaque is put on show chained to a wooden cage in Bali’s bird market, Indonesia. They are energetic, social primates living in large troops in forests throughout south-east Asia.
As the forests are destroyed, they increasingly raid agricultural crops and are shot as pests. The babies are then sold into a life of solitary confinement as a pet, to a zoo or for biomedical research.
Winner – Ripan Biswas, India
These two ferocious predators don’t often meet. The giant riverine tiger beetle pursues prey on the ground, while weaver ants stay mostly in the trees – but if they do meet, both need to be wary. ‘The beetle kept pulling at the ant’s leg,’ says Biswas, ‘trying to rid itself of the ant’s grip, but it couldn’t quite reach its head.’
Winner – Alex Badyaev, Russia/USA
The Cordilleran flycatcher is declining across North America as the changing climate causes shrinkage of habitats along its migratory routes. In Montana’s Rocky Mountain Front, it nests in crevices and on canyon shelves. But one pair picked this research cabin instead.
So as not to disturb the birds, Badyaev hid his camera behind a piece of bark on a tree leaning against the cabin. He directed a flash towards the trunk (so the scene would be illuminated by reflection) and operated the set-up remotely from the cabin
Winner – Alberto Fantoni, Italy
On the steep cliffs of a Sardinian island, a male Eleonora’s falcon brings his mate food – a small migrant, probably a lark, snatched from the sky as it flew over the Mediterranean.
Winner – Sergey Gorshkov, Russia
With an expression of sheer ecstasy, a tigress hugs an ancient Manchurian fir, rubbing her cheek against bark to leave secretions from her scent glands. She is an Amur, or Siberian, tiger, here in the Land of the Leopard National Park.
Gorshkov installed his first proper camera trap in January 2019, opposite this grand fir. But it was not until November that he achieved the picture he had planned for, of a magnificent tigress in her Siberian forest environment.
Source: The Gaurdian
15 Most Amazing Animals in the World You Have Never Seen: Images
Nature is amazing and habitation of a wide variety of animals. There are about 8.7 million (give or take 1.3 million) is the new, estimated total number of species on Earth – out of which 6.5 million species on land and 2.2 million in oceans.
And I know you have seen most of the animals in your real life or on environment focused TV channels like National Geographic, Discovery or Animal Planet. But there are many incredible animals in the world, you didn’t get the chance to see them. So, right here we brought 15 amazing animal photos that I’m sure you have not seen before.
Top Most Amazing Animal in Pictures
#1 This is the aye-aye is the world’s largest Nocturnal Primate native to Madagascar.
#2 The leaf-tailed Geckos have large eyes with vertical pupils that are designed to catch bugs at night.
#3 This a Proboscis Monkeys found only be in Borneo.
#4 This Greater Sage-grouse has a fluffy, white-collar and 2 yellowish sacs on its chest that are inflated during courtship display.
Watch Video: How Greater Sage-grouse performs Body-popping action and dance.
#5 This a Mantis shrimp feed on mollusks, easily breaking their shells with their front legs.
#6 This Kori Bustard is the largest flying bird in the African region.
#7 This an Okapi a hybrid version of horse, giraffe, and zebra.
#8 Narrow-headed marine Softshell Turtles usually come onto the beach only to lay eggs.
#9 This transparent body Glass Frog seems incredible mainly found in South America.
#10 This Cassowary lives in the tropical forests of New Guinea and northeastern Australia.
#11 This Panda-Ants are mainly found in South America.
#12 This Saiga Antelopes are one of the most ancient mammals.
Saiga Antelopes are usually known for their extremely unusual appearance with an over-sized nose, the internal structure of which acts as a filter.
#13 This Red-lipped Batfish found on the Galapagos Islands at a depth of around 100 meters.
#14 This Long-eared Jerboa inhabits the deserts of Mongolia and China.
#15 And finally this is a Persian Cat with Hypertrichosis looks like.
Images Source: Bright Side Me
Can You Imagine How Big is Russia Actually: 5 Facts
The land area of the
#1 Russia is Divided into 11 Time Zones
The land area of Russia so widely spread that the entire country is divided into 11 time zones. The difference is so big that when the sun rises in the west of Russia, at the same time there is sunset in the eastern part of this country.
#2 Russia is Sharing the Border with 18 Nations
Russia is the country sharing the highest number of borders with other countries. Borders of Russia shared from the south side with Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, and on the west side with Finland, Norway, Estonia, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania, Georgia, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Azerbaijan along with water border sharing with North Korea, Japan
3# Russia is Five Times Bigger than India
Russia is so big in terms of the land area that it can accommodate India five times. Similarly, if you compare Russia with other top GDP countries it is many times bigger like 47 times of Germany, 26 times of France, 70 times of England. And Russia is so large that if you compare it with any planet of our solar system, it’s area is bigger than the surface of Pluto, which is just 16.6 km2,
4# Six Days by Train to Travel across Russia
To reach from one end to another end of Russia you need to travel around six days by Trans-Siberian railroad to reach from Moscow to Vladivostok. Currently, the length of the railroad of this route is around 9,289 km, which is the longest railway line in the world.
However, before the railroad availability in Russia, it was taking approximately six days to travel between the cities like Saint Petersburg to Moscow which now only takes only three hours by traveling through Sapsan High-Speed Train route.
#5 The Land Area of Russia is 17,125,191 km2
Hope, you can imagine now how big is Russia. And while sharing the borders with Asian and European nations it is also accounted as the largest country in Europe and the largest country in Asia. Do you know how big is Russia in square kilometers, it is around 17.1 Million km2 that accounts the 10.995 percent of the world’s total landmass.
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