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How Much Vitamin C is Too Much: Side Effects of Excess Vitamin C

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How Much Vitamin C is Too Much

We all know, Vitamins are the most essential nutrients for our body. Vitamins are broadly classified as water-soluble and fat-soluble Vitamins. There are 13 Vitamins in all and each one carries out critical functions keeping us to stay alive and Vitamin C is one of them that helps in performing the various functions in our body.

Actually, Vitamin C is involved in the production of neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine. The most important function of Vitamin C is that it acts as an antioxidant and boosts the immune system to fight from various diseases.

Also Read: How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

To avoid getting infected with COVID-19 like viruses, people increased the intake of Vitamin C into their diet. But do you know taking too much Vitamin C has side effects? Yes excessive intake of Vitamin C is not good for your health.

Also Read: How Vitamin C Helps in Fighting with COVID-19 & Other Viruses

Symptoms of Too Much Vitamin C in the Body

When you take any supplement usually the full amount is not absorbed into your body. And it is believed that in lower doses about 70-90% absorption occurs while in mega doses of 1g and above only 50% is absorbed. And the excessive amount leftover in the GI tract may irritate the system leading to symptoms like:

Symptoms of Excess Vitamin C:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Insomnia
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Heartburn or Acid Reflux

Also Read: Five Natural Remedies for Acid Reflux and Heartburn

Overdose on Vitamin C symptoms can help you to control the cut the intake of this nutrition. If you not control the same it will negatively affect your body. Hence, you also need to know the side effects of too much vitamin C discussed below.

Side Effects of Taking Too Much Vitamin C

Side Effects of Taking Too Much Vitamin C

Absorption of Other Nutrients

Excessive Vitamin C may interfere with the absorption of other essential nutrients like Vitamin B12. However, if you need both, it is advised that if you are taking both these vitamin supplements, you should keep about 2 hours of gap between them. Vitamin C has also found to decrease the uptake of Copper in the body.

Affecting the Health of Bones

Vitamin C is important for collagen formation, which is essential to keep your bones healthy, and several research and studies have shown it beneficial for keeping bone and joint diseases away.

Vitamin C Affecting the Health of Bones

While high levels of Vitamin C in our body may lead to the activation of a protein that causes painful bone spurs (bony projections that develop along bone edges especially at the joints). High intakes of Vitamin C over long periods of time may lead to the acceleration of painful osteoarthritis.

Chances of Kidney Stones

Excess Vitaimin C causing Kidney Stones

Excessive Vitamin C leads to excretion as oxalate from our body through your urine. And sometimes this oxalate binds to other minerals forming crystals that may lead to stones in the kidneys.

Also Read: Benefits of Drinking Lemon Water to Boost Immunity with Vitamin C

As Vitamin C is responsible for increasing the oxalate formation, excessive intake has been found to be linked to kidney stones. And few studies have shown high Vitamin C intakes to be linked to kidney failure, though in very rare cases only.

May Rust Your Body

As per the research and studies carried out by the scholars of the University of Florida, if you had an injury, sprain or inflammation, and were taking more than 100 mg of Vitamin C/day, you may be rusting your body from the inside.

Also Read: 10 Best Foods Improve Your Brain Function and Memory Development

And the assumption was that all these conditions lead to free iron within the body which reacts negatively with Vitamin C causing a reaction like the rusting of an iron rod when exposed to water and oxygen. So even though Vitamin C helps lower inflammation and hasten to heal, taking the right amount is recommended.

Recommended Daily Dose of Vitamin C (ICMR/NIN)

To avoid such complications due to overdose of Vitamin C, you need to control the intake of Vitamin supplements. And as per the different genders and ages, the upper limit of Vitamin C is recommended according to the Office of Dietary Supplements – the USA. 

  • Infants: 400mg/day
  • Children 4-8 Years: 650mg
  • 9-13 Years: 1200mg
  • 14-17 Years: 1800mg
  • Adults: 2000mg/day
  • Pregnant and Lactating mothers: 1800mg/day

Recommended Daily Intake Of Vitamin C (ICMR/NIN) for The Indian Population:

  • Adult Man: 40mg/day
  • Adult woman: 40mg /day
  • Children: 0-1 year: 25mg & 1-17 years: 40mg
  • Pregnant and lactating mothers: 60-80mg/day

If you are regularly taking citrus fruits, peppers, tomato, papaya, green chutney, amla and green leafy vegetables your body will get adequate Vitamin C. Supplementation should be done only when you are under doctor’s medication supervision.  

Also Read: Six Foods You Must Consume Daily for Vitamin C to Boost Immunity

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Health

7 Ways to a Healthier Skin: Best Tips to Maintain Healthy Skin

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7 Ways to a Healthier Skin

Skin is the largest and most important organ of the body. The outer layer of the skin tells the inner conditions of the body. It also works as a barrier against germs and bacteria. So we have compiled a list of ways you can improve your skin and elevate it to a healthier level.

#1 Use Sunscreen Daily

Sunscreen should be applied every day without exception. A good sunscreen will help in fighting off skin cancer and stop signs of aging as well as take care of acne and blemishes.

Use a mineral-based sunscreen with active ingredients like zinc oxide will help take care of your skin without doing further damage. A good quality mineral-based sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher will prove to be a barrier between your skin and harmful ultraviolet rays.

#2 Eat A Healthy Diet

Skincare products will only work for your skin to a limited extent. As long as you don’t give food to your skin, your skin won’t appear healthy. Incorporate foods in your diet that are rich in antioxidants such as fruits like mangoes, tomatoes, leafy green vegetables.

Fresh fruit juices are also helpful in eliminating toxins from the body and giving a glow to the skin. Take green tea or apply products with green tea extracts, your skin will glow in no time.

#3 Take Care of Your Gut

Underlying stomach issues show effects on your skin. Your skin will show signs such as acne, eczema, blemishes or redness if you have an upset stomach. Take good care of your gut health by eating right.

Consult a dermatologist if you have concerns and take medicines or supplements according to your physical conditions. Regular checkups with the doctor will help keep your body health as well as skin health in check.

#4 Moisturize Your Skin

Moisturizers seal the moisture of the skin and keep the top layer of skin hydrated.  Go for products with moisturizing properties and if you are looking for natural ways to moisturize, then coconut oil is the best option.

#5 Exfoliate Regularly

Exfoliate twice or thrice a week to remove the dead skin layer. Exfoliation with a good scrub will help give skin a smooth and clean texture. Exfoliators with non-irritating agents will help keep the skin healthy and promote better absorption of skin products.

#6 Practice Facial Massage

Nowadays, trends like jade roller massage and facial massages are in a boom. These facial massages help keep the skin soft, supple, and prevents ageing. Make a routine for facial massage and don’t forget to apply oil on the face before. Only a few minutes of massage daily will help achieve that glowy skin.

#7 Keep Yourself Hydrate

Water is the most essential thing for the body. Keep yourself hydrated as much as you can. A well-hydrated body will show on the skin. Drinking water will help in removing toxins from the body and give a healthier glow on the skin. Avoid carbonated drinks and go for normal water.

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Disease

What is Meant by Dental Caries How are they Caused & Prevented?

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What is Meant by Dental Caries

Teeth caries is the results of erosion in your teeth’s surface that are basically caused due to bacteria attack causing acid and plaque. Dental caries is common in all genders as well as all age groups of people. Though, at the initial stage, it is not painful but when its effect reaches the nerves or roots of your tooth you will face the actual problem.

Dental caries is also well-known as dental cavities and with the time being becomes more painful with serious teeth condition, especially if not treated timely or completely ignored. In dental caries, the tooth starts to breakdown due to acids made by bacteria. And the reason behind this caries is acid from bacteria dissolving the hard tissues of the teeth like enamel, dentin and cementum making it painful for you.

Dental Caries Symptoms

Dental caries, you can say is the process of deteriorating your teeth and you notice the symptoms when can see a hole in your teeth, feeling pain while chewing the food, often toothache and feel teeth sensitivity while consuming cold or hot food or beverages. 

Also Read: Top Six Foods Need to Avoid Bad for the Health of Teeth and Gums

In various situations, dental caries can be worse, where you need immediate medical assistance to cure the dental problem. If you are living in New Work, you can visit the dental clinic in New York for the right treatment to cure dental cries and prevent the teeth from permanent damage.     

These are kind of initial indications, which means your tooth is under the attack of dental caries. And you need to take the right action now to control its further spread and prevent your teeth from permanent damage. Before you get to know the prevention of dental caries, you should know the causes or what are the reasons causing the dental cavities.    

Dental Caries Causes

Dental caries are mainly caused by the bacteria and damaging substances released by these bacteria like acid that erode your teeth. When you eat food, normal bacteria in your mouth combine with food leftovers and when acid comes into contact with these remnants, it creates a sticky film which also known as plaque.

But you can control plaque, and to remove the plaque you need to use the flossing and keep brushing regularly two times (in the morning and at the night before sleeping). When such plaque accumulates for a long time it becomes a harder substance called tartar. 

Dental Caries Causes

And the accumulation of plaque and tartar with bacteria and acid attack can damage the enamel on your tooth that causes holes in the enamel that is known as dental caries or cavities. Dental caries usually starts with small and narrow holes, if ignored it comes deeper and reaches the roots of your teeth which leads to permanent damage of the teeth.

How Can Dental Caries be Prevented?

To prevent dental caries, you need to maintain oral hygiene and avoid the activities causing the cavities. To prevent, you can avoid eating food or drinking various beverages in your daily life. And you need to be careful after eating such foods or drinking the beverages. Below you can also read a few tips to keep cavities under control.

Tips To Reduce Dental Caries:

  • Limit Consuming Sugary or Starchy Items.
  • Brush Your Twice (In the morning & night).
  • Rinse Your Mouth after Consuming Foods.
  • Flossing of Teeth & Use Fluoride to Rinse.
  • Use Fluoride Toothpaste for Brushing.
  • Avoid Chewing Tobacco and Smoking.
  • Visit Regularly at Dentist for Check-ups & Cleanings.

Also Read: How to Stop a Cavity from Getting Worse Naturally: 5 Simple Ways

Dental Caries Treatment

Depending on the cavities level and teeth condition, dentist in Jamaica performs the right treatment to cure dental caries. Dentists here usually perform dental procedures like fillings and crowns to cure the teeth affected due to caries.

Also Read: How Long Do Composite Fillings Last on Teeth & How to Take Care

Fluoride/Dental Fillings & Crowns

At the initial stage, the dentist recommends fluoride treatmentsthat contain more fluoride than the amount found in tap water, toothpaste and mouth rinses.Fillings and crowns are performed when decay has progressed beyond the earliest stage and weakened your tooth that helps to fill the holed area and cover your tooth with a natural crown.

Root Canals & Tooth Extractions 

While in extreme conditions, the best dentists in New York used to perform root canal treatments (RCT) or extract the teeth from your mouth. RCT is usually recommended for patients who want to keep their natural teeth and can afford this treatment, as root canal treatment is quite expensive and having other disadvantages.

Also Read: What Are The Side Effects Of Root Canal Treatment: Disadvantages

Extracting the tooth is the last resort you can opt for if your tooth is permanently damaged. Dentists remove the tooth from the roots and also recommend dental implants to install the artificial teeth at the same place that you can use for chewing food. Removing teeth is very much less expensive but implanting new teeth is also a pricey and time taking process that you can choose as your wish.

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Health

How Much Plastic are We Eating & What Happens if We Eat Plastic?

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what happens if we eat plastc

Do you know how much plastic we eat every day, every year or during our entire life? As per the researchers in Australia, every week we are ingesting plastic around the size of a credit card (roughly 5 grams), and around 250 grams every year (in 12 months).

Are you amazed to know this fact, yes it is very much possible when you are regularly even daily eating in plastic made items? From bowel to drinking water bottles or consuming other eatable items packed in plastic, are the reasons.  

How Much Plastic Do We Eat in a Lifetime?

As per a study 2019 by WWF International, in a month, we ingest the weight of a 4×2 Lego brick in plastic, and in a year, the amount of plastic in a fireman’s helmet.

This may not sound like much, but at this rate of consumption, in a decade, we could be eating 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) in plastic, the equivalent of over two sizable pieces of plastic pipe. And over a lifetime, we consume about 20 kg (44 lb) of microplastic.

Every week – 5 grams of plastic

That’s about the same weight as a plastic bottle cap and enough shredded plastic to fill a porcelain soup spoon.

Every month – 21 grams of plastic

That’s about the same weight as five casino dice and enough shredded plastic to half-fill a rice bowl.

Every 6 months – 125 grams of plastic

That’s enough yellow shredded plastic flakes to fill a cereal bowl, as pictured above.

Every year – 250 grams of plastic

That’s a heaping dinner plate’s worth of shredded plastic, as pictured above.

Every 10 years – 2.5kg of plastic

Reuters did not have enough shredded plastic to weigh in order to visualize this comparison. However, a standard lifebuoy weighs 2.5 kilograms so we found one of those.

In Our Lifetime – 20kg of plastic

The average human lives for 79 years. Using the current estimate of microplastic in our diets and assuming the situation doesn’t improve or worsen, that equates to 20 kilograms of plastic consumption. That’s more plastic than the two mobile recycling bins shown above, which only weigh 10kg each.

How Plastics Enter into our body?

Microplastics come from larger discarded objects that break down over time into smaller pieces. They get into waterways and enter the food chain when eaten by fish and other marine life.

As per the reports, many factors have an impact on the exact amount of microplastics you will ingest, such as age and lifestyle.

Different ways plastics enter your system

Microplastics can get into your system via, among other things, honey, sugar, rice, pasta, bread, milk, utensils, cutlery, toothpaste, toothbrushes, and chicken gizzards.

Where you are living matters?

The amount of microplastics one takes in varies by geographical region—water in the US contains about twice as much plastic as in Europe, the study says.

Data Graphics Credit: The Atlas

Actually, plastic production has surged in the last 50 years with the widespread use of inexpensive disposable products.

As plastic is not biodegradable, but only breaks down into smaller pieces, it ultimately ends up everywhere, cluttering beaches and choking marine wildlife, as well as in the food chain.

Humans produced as much as 400 million tons of plastic in 2015. And, the amounts are only rising annually and estimated to become double by 2025.

Globally, people dump 8 million tons of plastic into the oceans and researchers aren’t able to trace 99% of it and we continue to eat, drink and breathe it.

We have been using plastic for decades but we still don’t really understand the impact of micro-and nano-sized plastic particles on our health.

All we know is that we are ingesting it and that it has the potential to cause toxicity. That is definitely a cause for concern.

Microplastics Found in Unborn Babies Placentas

Even in a recent study, Microplastics now revealed in the placentas of unborn babies. Yes, the plastic particles were found in the placentas of four healthy women who had normal pregnancies and births.

Also Read: How Artificial Intelligence Can Predict Health Risk of Pregnancy

Microplastics ranging from 5 to 10 μm in size were detected on both the fetal and maternal sides of the placenta and in the membrane within which the fetus develops.

What Happens if We Eat Plastic?

So what happens to plastic once it’s in your body? Does it enter your bloodstream? Does it sink into your gut? Or does it simply pass through without doing harm?

Specific effects on human health are not yet fully understood. But the cumulative effect of ingesting plastic could be toxic.

Different types of plastic have varying toxic properties. Some are made with toxic chemicals like chlorine, while others pick up trace amounts of chemicals like lead found in the environment.

But high levels of exposure to microplastics can affect the lungs, liver, and brain cells, as well as sexual function, fertility. And a buildup of these toxins over time could impact the immune system and increase the chances of certain life-threatening diseases like cancers.

How to Avoid Eating Plastic?

  • Eat fresh food as much as possible.
  • Use cloth or canvas bags for shopping.
  • Drink tap water instead of plastic bottles.
  • Buy and store food in glass, silicone, or foil.
  • Vacuum regularly to clean microplastic particles.
  • Heat food on the stove, or by microwaving in the glass.
  • Whenever possible, use glass or ceramic containers.
  • Use glass, ceramic, wood, or stainless steel containers for storage.
  • Let food cool to room temperature before putting it into plastic storage containers.
  • Buy prepared soups, sauces and condiments in glass jars. Wash and save them for reuse.
  • Hand washes plastic containers leaking chemicals onto other dishes in the dishwasher.

Also Read: How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

We consume microplastics via many channels. We might ingest them while eating seafood, breathe them in through the air, or consume food with trace amounts of its plastic packaging. So, for this reason, it’s difficult to completely avoid them but not impossible.

But with certain lifestyle changes like drinking tap water instead of bottled water would reduce the number of microplastics a person consumes. Hence, think about it before you use plastic made products or avoid eating foods in plastic made items.

Sources: Reuters, The Guardian, National Geographic & WWF  

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