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How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

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Make Immune System Stronger

Since the outbreak of deadly coronavirus (COVID-19) grows across the world, people are searching for various ways to boost their immunity. As the doctors say, strong immune system can help you to fight off the pathogens which cause illness.

What Does Immune System Mean?

The immune system in our body is a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that work tunefully to defend the body against microorganisms like bacteria, parasites, or fungi that can cause infection. The immune system works to these microbes out of the body and if they manage to enter your body, it can find and destroy them.

How Immune System Works?

The immune system works exactly like a sophisticated communications system. When such microbes enter the body, the immune system is alerted. At that point, the immune system cells are activated and start to produce powerful chemicals to communicate directly by physical contact or by releasing chemical messengers.

Watch Video: How Immune System Works in Human Body

So, before such harmful bacteria or deadly virus like COVID-19 attack make your immune system strong and live a healthy life. Actually our lifestyle and various other factors like eating habits, sleeping patterns, diet and physical activities play a major role in strength of our immune system. Hence, we brought here best ways to boost your immunity.

Five Natural Ways to Boost Your Immune System Fight Coronavirus

Ways to Boost Your Immune System

#1 Minimize Your Stress Levels

Worries about various things happening in your life increase stress levels making your body susceptible to various types of common infections and respiratory illness. As per the research and studies, stress causes a release of the hormone cortisol, causing inflammation that leads to different types of contagious diseases in your body.

stress reduces immunity

And chronic stress may also restrict with the infection-fighting ability of your white blood cells, making you more vulnerable to contracting illnesses. As per the experts, stress is one of the major contributors to an unbalanced immune system and vulnerability to infections that causes various other diseases like graying of hair or acidity problems.

Also Read: Five Natural Remedies for Acid Reflux and Heartburn

 #2 Get Adequate and Quality Sleep 

A sleep-deprived person has weak immune system making them incapable of fighting off infection as it would normally be.

As per the research and studies, people sleeping regularly less than six hours  have 4.2 times more chances to catch the cold or flu compare to people getting seven hours of sleep. So, get quality sleep regularly to boost your immunity.  

Also Read: 5 Reasons Why You Should Sleep On Your Left Side to Stay Healthy

#3 Maintain the Vitamin-D Levels

Vitamin-D is very important for smooth functioning of immune system in your body. So, checking the Vitamin D level is suggested by the experts. And research says taking vitamin D supplements could help your body to fight of respiratory illness.  

Actually, vitamin D helps stimulate the production of peptide – substances in the body that are able to fight off bacteria, fungi and viruses. So eat eggs, fatty fish, spinach and other vitamin rich foods or keep taking supplements from time-to-time. 

#4 Avoid Excessive Alcohol & Smoking

As per the alcohol research, it has been found that consumption of excessive alcohol has adverse immune-related health effects like susceptibility to pneumonia. And people drink alcohol excessively takes time to recover from infections. 

Actually, alcohol alters the number of microbes in the gut microbiome – a community of microorganisms that affect the immune system. And excessive alcohol consumption can damage the lungs and impair the mucosal immune system which is very important in helping our body to recognize the pathogens and fight the common infections.

Similarly, smoking weakens the function of the lungs and could leave people more susceptible to the deadly infection. And as per the scientists, smokers may face an increased risk of coronavirus and suffer worse symptoms.

Smoking for long years is harmful for your lungs, and any kind of previous lung damage increases that risk of coronavirus like infection.

See Here: What Do Your Lungs Look Like After 30 Years Of Smoking: Shocking Images

#5 Have a Balanced and Nutritious Diet

A balanced and healthy diet is very important to make your immune system stronger. If you stick with only few types of food and vegetables as per your taste, change this bad habit now and add different types of nutritious food in your diet.

Have mix of all types of foods, vegetables and fruits that can provide your body all essential minerals and vitamins to improves your immunity. Ginger, garlic, citrus fruits, turmeric and oregano oil and bone broth have immune-boosting properties.  

And vegetables like as sweet potatoes, butternut squash, beetroot and carrots are rich in beta-carotene which our bodies convert to vitamin A that keeps the mucosal linings in our nose and lungs robust enough to defend against infection.

And also make sure never skip breakfast, as many working class people avoid meals in the morning having adverse effect on the body. 

Also Read: What Happens If We Skip Breakfast: Effects of Skipping Breakfast

If you improve immunity of your body, not only coronavirus like deadly infection, but your body will be stay protected from various types of other viruses and diseases. And apart from boosting your immunity system to stay protected from coronavirus, also get prepared with precautions and preventive measures recommended by health authorities.

Also Read: How to Get Prepared for Coronavirus: What You Should Do and Don’t

Watch Video: How To Boost Your Immune System Against Coronavirus 

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Disease

Why Young People are also Dying Because of Coronavirus: 4 Reasons

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young people dying coronavirus

Coronavirus or COVID-19 has infected all the age groups of people globally, and its true old age people are mainly and easily getting infected and die due to this infection. But do you know many young people are also dying because of this disease?

And recently researchers have identified reasons why young who are fit and healthy could be dying of the new coronavirus COVID-19. Though, mostly aged people are dying, but it also a true, number of younger people – with no known health problems – have died in the UK or other nations after testing positive for the disease.

Dr. Sanjay Gupta, a neurosurgeon and chief medical correspondent for CNN, wrote in his article, all about the reasons behind the death of young people due to coronavirus. So let’s find out what Dr. Gupta wrote and find out the reasons.  

4 Reasons Young People Dying Due to COVID-19

#1 Variations in the Genetic Factors  

Dr. Gupta said, “One possibility is a gene variation in the ACE2 gene. ACE2 is an enzyme that attaches to the outer surface of cells in the lungs, as well as the heart.” Coronavirus uses such enzymes to enter airway cells and finally into the lungs.

Scientists studying are analyzing the DNA of patients who had serious cases of COVID-19 and no underlying health issues such as diabetes or heart or lung disease, and comparing it with the DNA of those with mild or no pre-existing disease at all.

#2 Depletion of Vital Fluid in the Lungs

As per Dr. Gupta – Another possible factor is that pulmonary surfactant – a fluid secreted by the cells of the tiny air sacs in the lungs – becomes depleted in COVID-19 patients.

This fluid helps the lungs to expand and contract normally, but when the supply is depleted that function is disrupted, the air sacs can collapse and it becomes much harder to breathe for the patients who then supported with ventilators.   

Also Read: How Exactly Coronavirus Attacks, Infects & Affects Body to Death

Moreover, Dr. Gupta also wrote, if you think of your lungs as a sponge, surfactant would be the detergent which would make them soft and pliable. Without surfactant, however, your lung becomes stiff and hard to squeeze making difficult for patents to struggle to breathe even when they are put on the ventilator.  

#3 Highly Sensitive Immune System

In the study, researchers are also looking into the human immune system and how it responds to viruses and bacteria. As it is very much possible that a healthy immune system could lead to severe problems among young people.

Also Read: How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

The third reason Dr. Gupta wrote: “In some young, healthy people, a very reactive immune system could lead to a massive inflammatory storm that could overwhelm the lungs and other organs. In those cases, it is not an aged or weakened immune system that is the problem – it is one that works too well.”

#4 Negligence in Taking the Precautions

The fourth and last reason, there is a possibility some young people thinking they are healthy and invincible, and therefore taking fewer precautions or ignoring social distancing rules to prevent themselves from catching coronavirus.

Those people “have been exposed to much larger viral loads from the environment or suffering from flu, Dr. Gupta added. In the UK, the most seriously affected patients have been the elderly and vulnerable, according to Government statistics.

Also Read: Difference Between Coronavirus vs Cold vs Flu vs Allergy: Graphic

In its most recent update, on March 31, the Office for National Statistics wrote: “The vast majority of deaths involving COVID-19 have been among people aged 65 years and over (100 out of 108), with almost half (45) of these occurring in the over-85 age group.”

In US 29% Patients are 20–44 years

In the US, as of March 16, a total of 4,226 COVID-19 cases had been reported, with reports increasing to 500 or more cases per day beginning March 14.

 Number of new COVID-19 cases reported in US in February 12–March 16, 2020: Image Source

Among 2,449 patients with known age, 6% were aged ≥85, 25% were aged 65–84 years, 18% each were aged 55–64 years and 45–54 years, and 29% were aged 20–44 years. Only 5% of cases occurred in persons aged 0–19 years.

Watch Video: Why Young People Are Vulnerable to COVID-19?

Sources: Mirror UK, CNN & CDC

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Difference Between Coronavirus vs Cold vs Flu vs Allergy: Graphic

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cold vs coronavirus difference

Most probably, you would be confused between the symptoms and health complications that arise due to new coronavirus (COVID-19), common cold, flu and allergies that are very common disease attacks, different age groups of people, globally.

In respect of the same, to make this doubt clear, we brought for you a graphical comparison showing the actual difference, so that you can get to know how coronavirus is different from cold, flu, allergies and other similar seasonal infections.  

Difference Between COVID-19 vs Cold vs Flu vs Allergy: Infographics

Image Source: Forbes India
Image Source: Medical News Today
Image Source: Insider.com

Flu or common cold are infections arise with seasonal changes or week immune system due to the human body usually not resists can easily get infected unless the average of high-low temperature of the environment becomes normal.

Also Read: How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

For allergies and common cold you can try home or natural remedies with precautions but for flu and COVID-19 like infections take proper medication under the supervision of doctors or certified medical practitioners at the medical centers.     

Also Read: 5 Natural Home Remedies for Common Cold and Cough

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Disease

How Exactly Coronavirus Attacks, Infects & Affects Body to Death?

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coronavirus affect infect body

As the COVID-19 pandemic spreads across the world – canceling major events, closing schools, upending the stock market and disrupting travel and normal life – People taking precautions against the new coronavirus that causes the disease sickening and killing thousands worldwide compelling people stay at home and avoid public contacts.  

The WHO and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advise the public to be watchful for fever, dry cough and shortness of breath, symptoms that follow contraction of the new coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19.

From infection, it takes approximately five to 12 days for symptoms to appear. So, right here we brought how exactly coronavirus attacks, infects and affect your body and what happens inside the body when it takes hold and causes death.

How Coronavirus Spread To Humans?

The virus can spread person-to-person within 6 feet through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes and remains on a surface or object, be transferred by touch and enter the body through the mouth, nose or eyes.

The virus enters the body primarily through the nose. Also, it may get in through eyes and mouth: Image Source

How Coronavirus Attacks and Enters Your Body?

As per, Dr. Martin S. Hirsch, a senior physician in the Infectious Diseases Services at Massachusetts General Hospital, he said there’s still a lot to learn but experts suspect the virus may act similarly to SARS-CoV from 13 years ago.

“It’s a respiratory virus and thus it enters through the respiratory tract, we think primarily through the nose,” he said. “But it might be able to get in through the eyes and mouth because that’s how other respiratory viruses behave.”

What happens when Coronavirus Enters Your Body?

Once inside the body, it begins infecting epithelial cells in the lining of the lung. A protein on the receptors of the virus can attach to a host cell’s receptors and penetrate the cell. Inside the host cell, the virus begins to replicate until it kills the cell.

This first takes place in the upper respiratory tract, which includes the nose, mouth, larynx and bronchi. The patient begins to experience a mild version of symptoms: dry cough, shortness of breath, fever and headache and muscle pain and tiredness, comparable to the flu.

Symptoms often start in the back of the throat, with a dry cough: Image Source

Dr. Pragya Dhaubhadel and Dr. Amit Munshi Sharma, infectious disease specialists at Geisinger, say some patients have reported gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and diarrhea, however it’s relatively uncommon. And symptoms become more severe once the infection starts making its way to the lower respiratory tract.

How Exactly Coronavirus Affect Our Body?

It can take two to 14 days for a person to develop symptoms after initial exposure to the virus, Hirsch said. The average is about five days.

The WHO reported last month about 80% of patients have a mild to moderate disease from infection. A case of “mild” COVID-19 includes a fever and cough more severe than the seasonal flu but does not require hospitalization.

Those milder cases are because the body’s immune response is able to contain the virus in the upper respiratory tract. And younger patients have a more vigorous immune response compared to older patients.

Also Read: How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

The 13.8% of severe cases and 6.1% critical cases are due to the virus trekking down the windpipe and entering the lower respiratory tract, where it seems to prefer growing and target the lungs.

In more severe cases, the virus goes down the windpipe and into the lower respiratory tract: Image Source

According to Dr. Raphael Viscidi, infectious disease specialist at Johns Hopkins Medicine – the virus continues to replicate and journeys further down the windpipe and into the lung, it can cause more respiratory problems like bronchitis and pneumonia.

Pneumonia and Autoimmune Disease

As per the doctors, Pneumonia is characterized by shortness of breath combined with a cough and affects tiny air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli, which is the point where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in our body.

When pneumonia occurs, the thin layer of alveolar cells is damaged by the virus. The body reacts by sending immune cells to the lung to fight it off.

And that results in the linings becoming thicker than normal, as they thicken more and more, they essentially choke off the little air pocket, which is what you need to get the oxygen to your blood.

Airways starts swelling and decrease airflow due to filled with fluids: Image Source

Actually, it is basically a war between the host response and the virus depending on who wins this war we have either good outcomes where patients recover or bad outcomes where they don’t and become critical resulting in death.

How Coronavirus Causes Organ Failure?

Further becoming stronger, coronavirus restricting oxygen to the bloodstream deprives other major organs of oxygen including the liver, kidney, and brain. A small number of severe cases that can develop into acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which require a patient to be placed on a ventilator to supply oxygen.

Lastly Coronavirus causes severe lung damage and multiple organs failures: Image Source

However, if too much of the lung is damaged and not enough oxygen is supplied to the rest of the body, respiratory failure could lead to organ failure and death of the patients.

As per the Viscidi, the outcome is uncommon for the majority of patients infected with the coronavirus. As those most at risk to severe developments are older than 70 and have weak immune responses.

While other than old age individuals, people at risk include pulmonary abnormalities, chronic disease or compromised immune systems, such as cancer patients who have gone through chemotherapy treatment.

Viscidi urges the public to think of the coronavirus like the flu because it goes through the same process within the body. Many people contract the flu and recover with no complications. “People should remember that they’re as healthy as they feel,” he said. “And shouldn’t go around feeling as unhealthy as they fear due to unavailability of medicines.”

Source: Statesman

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