Carrots are one of the best sources of vitamins and help to increase the blood levels in the body. Being a root vegetable, it also has high fiber that helps to improve your digestive system. Similarly, there are multiple other benefits of eating carrots you need to know and increase the consumption of this vegetable on a regular basis.
Apart from vitamins, minerals, and fiber it has various other benefits like it works as an anti-aging ingredient and also prevents heart diseases. Hence, here we brought what are the advantages of carrots in the body and how it helps to improve health and immunes our body to avoid various other diseases with long-term effects.
Improves Eyesight and Night Vision
Are carrots good for your eyes? Yes, Carrot is rich in beta-carotene supplements that are very beneficial for eyesight. Actually, beta-carotene contains in carrots after consuming converted into Vitamin A in the liver resulting transformation of Vitamin A in the retina, to rhodopsin, which is a purple pigment necessary for night vision.
Though, a carrot is a good source of Vitamin A and one cooked cup containing over 26,000 international units of the nutrient and nutritional value of carrots is helpful in solving the eyesight problems among the people globally if consumed regularly.
Prevents from Life-threatening Diseases
As per the medical research and studies, carrot reduces the risk of life-threatening diseases like cancer including lung cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer and various other health problems like Cardiovascular or Alzheimer syndrome.
Actually, falcarinol and falcarindiol is a kind of natural pesticides produced by the carrot having the anticancer properties that protect its roots from fungal diseases. But make sure just like spinach, consuming carrots in cooked form can provide a better boost in antioxidants compared to carrot juice health benefits or raw carrots.
Immune-Boosting Antioxidant for Healing
Apart from Vitamin A, carrot also has another immune-boosting antioxidant called vitamin C which helps in wound healing as it’s required for the production of collagen, the main protein found in our skin and connective tissues.
While on the other hand, Vitamin A helps to regulate the release of immune cells in the gut, Vitamin C helps to prevent cell damage in the body and to fight off foreign viruses, bacteria and other various infections like common cold and cough.
Healthy Skin with Anti-aging Properties
Vitamin A and antioxidants in
While containing a high level of beta-carotene, it acts as antioxidant damaged cells in the body done through regular metabolism. These properties help slows down the aging of cells and keep you young for a long stage of your age with healthy skin. The water level in carrots and root based such vegetables also helps to keep skin to look healthy.
Lowers Cholesterol and Keeps Heart Healthy
Do you know how much fiber in carrots? It is one the best source of dietary fiber that helps to bring down the cholesterol level in the body. Raw carrot is estimated to have only around 25 calories and high water content keeps heart healthy.
The fiber in carrots brings downs the blood cholesterol by binding to bile acids, which are made of cholesterol, in the gastrointestinal tract and carrying them out of the body as waste resulting in cholesterol absorption and increases antioxidant action.
Adding more carrots into your regular diet will not only benefit your health but it will also add the taste into your food. If you think, cooking with foods kills nutritional value of carrots it’s wrong, as it is one of those veggies that can benefit if you consume it after cooking, even a cooked, pureed carrots have higher antioxidant ability than raw carrots.
How Exactly Coronavirus Attacks, Infects & Affects Body to Death?
As the COVID-19 pandemic spreads across the world – canceling major events, closing schools, upending the stock market and disrupting travel and normal life – People taking precautions against the new coronavirus that causes the disease sickening and killing thousands worldwide compelling people stay at home and avoid public contacts.
The WHO and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advise the public to be watchful for fever, dry cough and shortness of breath, symptoms that follow contraction of the new coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19.
From infection, it takes approximately five to 12 days for symptoms to appear. So, right here we brought how exactly coronavirus attacks, infects and affect your body and what happens inside the body when it takes hold and causes death.
How Coronavirus Spread To Humans?
The virus can spread person-to-person within 6 feet through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes and remains on a surface or object, be transferred by touch and enter the body through the mouth, nose or eyes.
How Coronavirus Attacks and Enters Your Body?
As per, Dr. Martin S. Hirsch, a senior physician in the Infectious Diseases Services at Massachusetts General Hospital, he said there’s still a lot to learn but experts suspect the virus may act similarly to SARS-CoV from 13 years ago.
“It’s a respiratory virus and thus it enters through the respiratory tract, we think primarily through the nose,” he said. “But it might be able to get in through the eyes and mouth because that’s how other respiratory viruses behave.”
What happens when Coronavirus Enters Your Body?
Once inside the body, it begins infecting epithelial cells in the lining of the lung. A protein on the receptors of the virus can attach to a host cell’s receptors and penetrate the cell. Inside the host cell, the virus begins to replicate until it kills the cell.
This first takes place in the upper respiratory tract, which includes the nose, mouth, larynx and bronchi. The patient begins to experience a mild version of symptoms: dry cough, shortness of breath, fever and headache and muscle pain and tiredness, comparable to the flu.
Dr. Pragya Dhaubhadel and Dr. Amit Munshi Sharma, infectious disease specialists at Geisinger, say some patients have reported gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and diarrhea, however it’s relatively uncommon. And symptoms become more severe once the infection starts making its way to the lower respiratory tract.
How Exactly Coronavirus Affect Our Body?
It can take two to 14 days for a person to develop symptoms after initial exposure to the virus, Hirsch said. The average is about five days.
The WHO reported last month about 80% of patients have a mild to moderate disease from infection. A case of “mild” COVID-19 includes a fever and cough more severe than the seasonal flu but does not require hospitalization.
Those milder cases are because the body’s immune response is able to contain the virus in the upper respiratory tract. And younger patients have a more vigorous immune response compared to older patients.
The 13.8% of severe cases and 6.1% critical cases are due to the virus trekking down the windpipe and entering the lower respiratory tract, where it seems to prefer growing and target the lungs.
According to Dr. Raphael Viscidi, infectious disease specialist at Johns Hopkins Medicine – the virus continues to replicate and journeys further down the windpipe and into the lung, it can cause more respiratory problems like bronchitis and pneumonia.
Pneumonia and Autoimmune Disease
As per the doctors, Pneumonia is characterized by shortness of breath combined with a cough and affects tiny air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli, which is the point where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in our body.
When pneumonia occurs, the thin layer of alveolar cells is damaged by the virus. The body reacts by sending immune cells to the lung to fight it off.
And that results in the linings becoming thicker than normal, as they thicken more and more, they essentially choke off the little air pocket, which is what you need to get the oxygen to your blood.
Actually, it is basically a war between the host response and the virus depending on who wins this war we have either good outcomes where patients recover or bad outcomes where they don’t and become critical resulting in death.
How Coronavirus Causes Organ Failure?
Further becoming stronger, coronavirus restricting oxygen to the bloodstream deprives other major organs of oxygen including the liver, kidney, and brain. A small number of severe cases that can develop into acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which require a patient to be placed on a ventilator to supply oxygen.
However, if too much of the lung is damaged and not enough oxygen is supplied to the rest of the body, respiratory failure could lead to organ failure and death of the patients.
As per the Viscidi, the outcome is uncommon for the majority of patients infected with the coronavirus. As those most at risk to severe developments are older than 70 and have weak immune responses.
While other than old age individuals, people at risk include pulmonary abnormalities, chronic disease or compromised immune systems, such as cancer patients who have gone through chemotherapy treatment.
Viscidi urges the public to think of the coronavirus like the flu because it goes through the same process within the body. Many people contract the flu and recover with no complications. “People should remember that they’re as healthy as they feel,” he said. “And shouldn’t go around feeling as unhealthy as they fear due to unavailability of medicines.”
Why Vaccine Development Process for New Diseases Like Coronavirus Takes 12 to 18 Months?
Amid the new coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, many people especially, common man is thinking why medical scientist and healthcare researchers are taking too much time to develop the vaccine so, that people can be immune to protect from this disease.
Though, the clinical trial for new coronavirus is already under process globally, but the process of producing a usable coronavirus vaccine will take at least 12 to 18 months before make it available to the public at mass level for vaccination.
Coronavirus Vaccine Development Process
Actually, the process of testing and approving a new treatment or vaccine is a complex one, and for good reason. There need to be safeguards in place to confirm that a treatment or vaccine is effective and safe before using it on the general public. Hence, we brought here the vaccine clinical trial and development process.
CURRENT PHASE: RESEARCH & DISCOVERY
Currently, companies and labs around the world are working to identify and develop potential vaccine candidates and test them on animals to determine whether they’re promising and safe enough for human trials.
Once the vaccine has been proven to be successful and safe in animal testing, the FDA will approve it for human clinical trials. Some companies are already pushing to skip animal testing to accelerate the timeline to get to release, but many researchers are concerned about the risks of skipping this crucial step, let see the phases.
The first phase of the human clinical trial will involve giving the potential vaccine to a small group of healthy people (fewer than 100) and then monitoring those people for a few months for effectiveness and side effects.
This will help researchers understand the effect of the vaccine on the human body and whether there are harmful side effects that outweigh the benefits of the vaccine.
Once the vaccine passes the first phase, it will be approved for phase 2, which will involve a larger group of patients monitored over a longer period of time. Phase 2 clinical trials usually involve hundreds of patients and can take up to two years.
Due to the immediate nature of the pandemic and the fact that the vaccine is meant for the general population (and not a very specific subset of the population that could take a long time to recruit) this phase could be completed much faster than the normal timeframe.
Once the vaccine candidate is proven successful in the phase 2 trial, it will be approved for phase 3, in which the vaccine will be given to thousands of patients to gauge varying effectiveness and safety with different subsets of the population.
This will help ensure that the vaccine is truly effective for everyone and not just healthy and young members of the population.
FINAL PHASE: APPROVAL & RELEASE
Finally, the FDA will review the results of the clinical trials and approve the vaccine for the public. Then the company behind the vaccine can mass-produce the vaccine for public use and help them get immune with coronavirus infection.
The vaccine creator will still be required to run phase 4 trials after release to look for additional side effects and understand the long term effects of the vaccine once it’s out on the market. And at any time the vaccine can be taken off the market if necessary.
Even with an immediate global need, unlimited funding (it will take billions to shepherd vaccine candidates through the testing and approvals process), and collaboration from dozens of companies and governments, it will still take over a year before any vaccine will be available to control the COVID-19
Meanwhile, Australian researchers said they have mapped the immune responses from one of country’s first coronavirus patients, findings the health minister said were an important step in developing a vaccine and treatment.
Watch Video: The Race To Develop A Coronavirus Vaccine
While on the other hand, US volunteers test first vaccine for coronavirus and first human trial of a vaccine to protect against pandemic coronavirus has started in the US. But the biotechnology company behind the work, Moderna Therapeutics, says the vaccine has been made using a tried and tested process with more research.
Till now, none of vaccine is developed and not available in the market, you need to be very careful and stay protected from this virus with right preventive measures guided by designated medical authorities or health organizations.
Source: Deep6 AI
How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity
Since the outbreak of deadly coronavirus (COVID-19) grows across the world, people are searching for various ways to boost their immunity. As the doctors say, strong immune system can help you to fight off the pathogens which cause illness.
What Does Immune System Mean?
The immune system in our body is a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that work tunefully to defend the body against microorganisms like bacteria, parasites, or fungi that can cause infection. The immune system works to these microbes out of the body and if they manage to enter your body, it can find and destroy them.
How Immune System Works?
The immune system works exactly like a sophisticated communications system. When such microbes enter the body, the immune system is alerted. At that point, the immune system cells are activated and start to produce powerful chemicals to communicate directly by physical contact or by releasing chemical messengers.
Watch Video: How Immune System Works in Human Body
So, before such harmful bacteria or deadly virus like COVID-19 attack make your immune system strong and live a healthy life. Actually our lifestyle and various other factors like eating habits, sleeping patterns, diet and physical activities play a major role in strength of our immune system. Hence, we brought here best ways to boost your immunity.
Five Natural Ways to Boost Your Immune System Fight Coronavirus
#1 Minimize Your Stress Levels
Worries about various things happening in your life increase stress levels making your body susceptible to various types of common infections and respiratory illness. As per the research and studies, stress causes a release of the hormone cortisol, causing inflammation that leads to different types of contagious diseases in your body.
And chronic stress may also restrict with the infection-fighting ability of your white blood cells, making you more vulnerable to contracting illnesses. As per the experts, stress is one of the major contributors to an unbalanced immune system and vulnerability to infections that causes various other diseases like graying of hair or acidity problems.
#2 Get Adequate and Quality Sleep
A sleep-deprived person has weak immune system making them incapable of fighting off infection as it would normally be.
As per the research and studies, people sleeping regularly less than six hours have 4.2 times more chances to catch the cold or flu compare to people getting seven hours of sleep. So, get quality sleep regularly to boost your immunity.
#3 Maintain the Vitamin-D Levels
Vitamin-D is very important for smooth functioning of immune system in your body. So, checking the Vitamin D level is suggested by the experts. And research says taking vitamin D supplements could help your body to fight of respiratory illness.
Actually, vitamin D helps stimulate the production of peptide – substances in the body that are able to fight off bacteria, fungi and viruses. So eat eggs, fatty fish, spinach and other vitamin rich foods or keep taking supplements from time-to-time.
#4 Avoid Excessive Alcohol & Smoking
As per the alcohol research, it has been found that consumption of excessive alcohol has adverse immune-related health effects like susceptibility to pneumonia. And people drink alcohol excessively takes time to recover from infections.
Actually, alcohol alters the number of microbes in the gut microbiome – a community of microorganisms that affect the immune system. And excessive alcohol consumption can damage the lungs and impair the mucosal immune system which is very important in helping our body to recognize the pathogens and fight the common infections.
Similarly, smoking weakens the function of the lungs and could leave people more susceptible to the deadly infection. And as per the scientists, smokers may face an increased risk of coronavirus and suffer worse symptoms.
Smoking for long years is harmful for your lungs, and any kind of previous lung damage increases that risk of coronavirus like infection.
#5 Have a Balanced and Nutritious Diet
A balanced and healthy diet is very important to make your immune system stronger. If you stick with only few types of food and vegetables as per your taste, change this bad habit now and add different types of nutritious food in your diet.
Have mix of all types of foods, vegetables and fruits that can provide your body all essential minerals and vitamins to improves your immunity. Ginger, garlic, citrus fruits, turmeric and oregano oil and bone broth have immune-boosting properties.
And vegetables like as sweet potatoes, butternut squash, beetroot and carrots are rich in beta-carotene which our bodies convert to vitamin A that keeps the mucosal linings in our nose and lungs robust enough to defend against infection.
And also make sure never skip breakfast, as many working class people avoid meals in the morning having adverse effect on the body.
If you improve immunity of your body, not only coronavirus like deadly infection, but your body will be stay protected from various types of other viruses and diseases. And apart from boosting your immunity system to stay protected from coronavirus, also get prepared with precautions and preventive measures recommended by health authorities.
Watch Video: How To Boost Your Immune System Against Coronavirus
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