After getting married, becoming a mother is one of the most rewarding experiences for a woman. Though, few of them get this experience without any major treatment or care while few women manage to conceive after getting treatments. And carrying such babies in the womb for nine months and delivering safely is a challenging task for every woman.
Actually, sometimes few babies not grow properly or mother face some kind of complications that leads to miscarriage or abortion causing the physical as well mental agony to mother and other family members who are waiting of the baby. Baby not growing in womb first trimester or later weeks have many reasons let us know top ones.
Top Reasons Why Baby Not Growing in the Womb
Actually, when a baby growth stops in the womb its call Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), also known as fetal growth restriction (FGR). IUGR is a kind of condition in which an unborn baby is smaller than normal size during that phase of pregnancy. And delayed growth puts the baby at risk of low weight birth or if not cured timely death of the baby.
Apart from mental, fetal, placental or uterine, there are multiple reasons baby not growing in womb first trimester like unhealthy diets, excessive consumption of caffeine, alcohol or smoking. So let find out what are the major causes baby stops growing in the womb.
Poor Eating Habits and Lifestyle of Mother
The most prominent reasons baby stops growing in womb is poor lifestyle and eating habits of the mother. As per the research, lack of proper nutrition like vitamins or folic acid, drug misuse, smoking, alcohol consumption and improper sleep or rest stops fetal growth.
A pregnant woman needs to keep in touch with doctors to get the list of right nutrition or health supplements and foods should be taken or avoided during the pregnancy. The diets can be different at the initial stage compare to a baby stops growing in womb at 37 weeks.
Pre-eclampsia or Higher Blood Sugar Levels
Pre-eclampsia is a kind of disorder in pregnancy which is also called pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) or Gestational hypertension that causes the veins to compress affecting the growth of the fetal because of restricted blood flow to the placenta.
This process directly affects the supply level of oxygen to the baby and also decreases the supply of other essential supplements to the womb resulting in the slow growth of babies.
Low Level of Amniotic Fluids in Womb
An optimum Amniotic Fluid is very important or you can say protective liquid for fetal growth in a womb. If the level of amniotic fluid falls below the normal it causes problems like slow growth of baby or complications to mother in to sever conditions death of fetal.
The various reasons behind the low amniotic fluid could be like a mother taking excessive or unsuitable medicines, health conditions of the mother, rapture in amniotic sac, placenta abruption or low consumption of water or other liquids by mother, etc.
Umbilical Cord or Placental Abnormalities
The umbilical cord is a long tube connects the fetus or baby with the placenta of the mother for supplying oxygen and other important nutrients. Basically, the umbilical line typically contains two umbilical arteries, one of them carries blood from the placenta to the unborn child. And any kind of abnormalities like a single artery causes the slow growth of the fetus.
Similarly, the placenta is also an important part of the womb works as oxygen supplier and nutrients provider from mother to fetus. Any kind of inefficiency or placental insufficiency leads to an inadequate supply of oxygen and nutrients resulting in slow fetus growth.
Multiple Pregnancies or Bacterial Infections
If a woman is pregnant with two or more babies the fetus’s growth is affected due to insufficient supply of nutrients from the single placenta to multiple fetuses in the same womb. Therefore, a mother with twins or more babies has higher chances of pre-eclampsia.
The number of babies growing in the mother’s womb can be identified at the initial stage of pregnancies but accurate medical imagining data through advanced ultrasound or body scanning machines can detect the right conditions of the human body.
Similarly, if the fetus is exposed to infections like syphilis (sexually transmitted bacterial infections), cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis or rubella also called german measles passed through mother also make fetus weak to grow properly.
Chromosomal Abnormalities in Pregnancy
Chromosomal Abnormalities in Pregnancy is one of another reason, baby growth in womb stops. Actually, it is a kind of disorder or missing, extra, or irregular portion of chromosomal DNA comes from parents affects the growth of babies or causes birth defects.
Chromosome disorder is a kind of abnormal condition due to something unusual in an individual’s chromosomes which can be caused by the presence of an extra copy of chromosome 21 or the presence of only a single-sex chromosome causing such abnormalities.
How to Prevent IUGR or Cure Slow Fetal Growth?
Few causes of IUGR are uncontrollable or little you can do, especially if diagnosed at a later stage of pregnancies. The only best way to prevent slow fetal growth is to visit your doctor regularly and get the checkup or ultrasound of baby at regular intervals. But baby not growing in womb first trimester becomes difficult to prevent.
And to avoid slow fetus growth try to live a healthy life stay away from smoking, alcohol, stress, get adequate sleep and rest while keeping your diet balanced and nutritious for a healthy lifestyle that will also help you avoid complications during pregnancies.
Though, owing to speedy growth in new technology like AI in radiology the health conditions and diseases are becoming easier to diagnosis at the initial stage allowing the doctors to take preventive actions and avoid complications to patients or such pregnant ladies.
AI and machine learning are nowadays are playing a crucial role in healthcare like diagnosing the various types of illness through medical imaging and helping doctors to provide timely and better medical treatment and care facilities to everyone.