Connect with us

Disease

Coronavirus Infection, Symptoms, Transmission & Treatment: Everything You Need to Know About This Deadly Disease

Published

on

Coronavirus Infection Symptoms Transmission Treatment

An international outbreak of a new respiratory disease called “Coronavirus” started in China killed more than sixty thousands of people and infected more than 1 million worldwide. The outbreak started in city Wuhan, China, from the market selling live poultry, seafood and wild animals now speedily spreading among more people and reported globally. 

Now the coronavirus has extended in more than 200 countries, including Japan, Hong King, South Korea, France, Australia, and the United States. Investigators in still other nations, and in several American states, are evaluating possible cases.

What is the Coronavirus in Humans?

Described by WHO – Coronaviruses named for the spikes that poke out from their crusts, which resemble the sun’s corona. It is a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases.

Coronaviruses are transmitted between animals and people, and there are several known coronaviruses currently circulating in animals, that have not yet infected humans. But now it is confirmed it is easily spreading among people.

What is Coronavirus Symptoms?

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. 

What is Coronavirus Symptoms

How Coronavirus Started in China?

As per the research, Coronaviruses was originated in the animals — like camels, civets and bats — and are usually not transmissible to humans. But sometimes a coronavirus mutates and can pass from animals to humans and spread further.

People in Chian wearing mask to avoid coronavirus infection

It is just like the case with the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) epidemic in the early 2000s. However, most, but not all, of the first known cases in December 2019 were traced to an animal market in the Chinese city of Wuhan.

It is believed to have come from contact with live infected animals like fish and birds. The market has since been closed but Wuhan, lies about 500 miles west of Shanghai is a major logistics and transportation hub with the home of more than 11 million people.

Also Read: Coronavirus Economic Impact on India-China Export-Import Trade

How Coronavirus Spread Or Transmitted?

As per the doctors, coronavirus is transmitted through coughing and sneezing, as is the case with influenza and other respiratory viruses. It can transmit among the humans through close contact even form the range of about 3 to 6 feet. 

People in China at public transport wearing mask

Though, scientists are trying to discover how easily the virus is transmitted. Till now as per the research published in a medical journal suggested that the virus was passed from one ill relative to six others; only two had contact with the initial patient.

The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed 198 confirmed cases in Wuhan. Researchers found that 22% had direct exposure to the meat market, and 32% had contact with people who had a fever or respiratory disease.

Coronavirus – How long it takes to spread?

Till now as per the scientific research and studies the new coronavirus’s incubation period that means, the time it takes from a person being infected with the virus to when they start showing symptoms is still unknown among medical experts.

Also Read: New Coronavirus Myths And Facts: 16 Myth Buster Graphics by WHO

However, public health experts are working under the assumption that the incubation period is about 14 days. It’s unclear whether a person is contagious during the incubation period, so it very difficult to define how long it lasts.

But, as per the latest studies by doctors, infection is much more contagious and spreading the disease for days or weeks before they even realized among the patients. Five confirmed cases in the United States have been confirmed even if they had no symptoms at the time that might have been infectious while traveling from Wuhan to Arizona.    

How Dangerous is Coronavirus?

Though, health officials around the world are alarmed, but it is hard to accurately assess the lethality of a new virus. Meanwhile, the World Health Organization has declared the Coronavirus outbreak in China a global health emergency.

The timing and life threat after getting infected with this virus is not yet defined, but if someone gets infected, and not getting the right or timely treatment, there is a higher probability of getting died due to acute respiratory problems in the lungs.

Also Read: Coronavirus Microscope Pictures Released: See how these Deadly Pathogen look

What is The Treatment for Coronavirus?

Though, till now no specific treatments for coronavirus infections have been recommended by WHO or any other health organization in the world. And there aren’t any vaccines developed yet to prevent human coronavirus infections. But to reduce your risk of getting or spreading you can take several precautions given below.

How To Prevent Coronavirus Infection?

Coronavirus prevention

Also Read: How to Get Prepared for Coronavirus: What You Should Do and Don’t

Is there a Vaccine for Coronavirus?

There is currently no vaccine to immune against this newly discovered coronavirus, although researchers in the US and China have already begun working on one, thanks to China’s prompt sharing of the virus’s genetic code. 

Coronavirus treatment

However, any vaccine will not be available for up to a year and would most likely be given to health workers most at risk of contracting the virus. Hence, China has started building a 1,000-bed hospital in six days to treat patients within the city Wuhan.

Also Read: Why Vaccine Development Process for New Diseases Like Coronavirus Takes 12 to 18 Months

How China Built a hospital in six days to treat this virus in Wuhan?

To prevent this virus further infection, China has constructed a 1000-bed hospital on the area of 25,000 square meters (269,000 square feet) to treat and cure coronavirus infected people within the Wuhan city, home to around 11 million people.

Video: How China is Taking Actions to Treat & Control the Coronavirus?

Earlier in 2003, when similar virus SARS spread, China has built Xiaotangshan Hospital in Beijing, in seven days, first world record for the fastest construction of a hospital.

Also Read: Why and How Coronavirus Fatality Rate is Lower Than MERS & SARS

Video: How China Building 1000-beds Hospital in Few Days in Wuhan City

To achieve this construction, about 4,000 people worked to build the hospital, working throughout the day and night in order to meet the deadline. And inside, it had an X-ray room, CT room, ICU, laboratory and each ward equipped with its own bathrooms. 

Coronavirus Treatment Cost?

Though, any specific medicine or treatment to cure coronavirus has been not been discovered, but if anyone got infected, depending on the medical facilities, equipment or hospital facilities, charges may differ. As per livemint news in China, an Indian lady is infected and it would cost her around Rs 1 Crore, which is around 10 lakh in Chinese currency Yuan.

Indian lady getting treatment at a hospital in China infected with coronavirus: Image Source

The treatment process includes providing patients an external respiratory support, ventilators, dialysis and blood purification process. In developed countries, such advance medical equipment available at a more affordable cost while in undeveloped or developing nations, either it might be not available or can be obtainable at an expensive cost.   

Coronavirus in India

Till now, 2700 confirmed cases of coronavirus infected humans has been reported in India, but there no death reported yet. Actually, due to low educational and studies cost of medical in China, around 1200 students from India are studying there.

Coronavirus case in India
Health officials at Indian airports are screening people coming from China

Amid, Chinese New Year holiday started from 25 Jan 2020, and many Indian students would come to the home to spend their holidays with their family. So, to avoid incoming coronavirus from China, the Indian health ministry has asked travelers from China to report to the nearest health facility in case they do not feel well.

The ministry has asked authorities at seven airports of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Cochin to screen those travelling from China.

Till now in India, four infected person has been treated and recovered from coronavirus infection. Further numbers likely to rise as many people from outbreak nations are coming and get in touch with others without proper check by health authorities.

Meanwhile the Union Health Ministry in India also urged people to refrain from travelling to China, Italy, Iran, Republic of Korea, Japan, France, Spain and Germany. The citizens were also advised to avoid non-essential travel abroad.

In the wake of coronavirus outbreak, the government also issued an advisory for those with travel history to China, Hong Kong, Republic of Korea, Japan, Italy, Thailand, Singapore, Iran, Malaysia, France, Spain and Germany.

They are requested to undergo ‘self-imposed quarantine’ for a period of 14 days from the date of their arrival. The government also asked companies to arrange ‘work from home’ facility for those employees who had a history of traveling to the mentioned places.

Sources: Telegraph UK, New York Times, BBC, CNN, UN News, NBC News , Los Angles Times, Bloomberg, Fox News & Worldometers

Advertisement
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Disease

What are the Causes of Sensitive Teeth: 5 Reasons of Sensitivity?

Published

on

causes of sensitive teeth

It could be challenging for you to eat cold, hot and sour foods or drinks if you feel sensitivity in your teeth or gums. And in some of the critical situations, you can even face a sensitivity problem while breathing cold air and brushing or rinsing your mouth.

However, these kinds of syndromes usually evident after the age of forty or above and there are many curing techniques to fight with such problems. Below you can read the most common causes of sensitive teeth or gums and some useful measures to relieve from it.

Top 5 Reason for Sensitive Teeth

#1 Due to Age Factor

Sensitivity problem is very common after a certain age and most of the people after their fourth or fifth decade of life face teething troubles. However, nowadays owing to many other environmental factors and unhealthy lifestyle changes, folks at the young stage of life also facing teeth sensitivity problems.   

Also Read: What Causes Grey Hair At A Young Age: Reasons for Premature Greying

#2 Hard or Excessive Brushing

As per a senior Dentist in Jamaica, if you regularly use a hard bristle brush for your teeth or do brush with excessive pressure, then your tooth enamel will be getting wear down and also cause your gums to become sensitive towards cold or hot foods or beverages.

Also Read: Why Is It Important To Brush Your Teeth At Night: Health Benefits

#3 Use of Teeth Whitening Products

To remove the yellowness in teeth, people use cosmetics made dental care or teeth whitening products containing harmful ingredients like baking soda, peroxide which can affect tooth nerves and can easily cause sensitivity problems especially if your teeth dentin is already exposed.

Also Read: How To Keep Your Teeth Whiter With Braces: 5 Ways for White Teeth

#4 Due to Gum Related Problems

If you have gum related problems, then you can feel the sensitivity in your teeth. Actually, gum problems can cause a sensitivity problem in two ways – one it teeth decay and enamel breakdown which uncover the dentin and another is, an infection that affects the teeth roots and causes gums disease.   

Also Read: Top Six Foods Need to Avoid Bad for the Health of Teeth and Gums

#5 Due to Past Dental Treatments

Sometimes dental procedures like root canal treatment, filling, dental implants, cosmetic dentistry, crown & bridges can also cause sensitivity problems. So if you have earlier gone through such dental care and treatment process and now feeling sensitivity, you need to again visit at the same dentist to get the treatment for teeth sensitivity.

Also Read: What Are The Side Effects Of Root Canal Treatment: Disadvantages

All the above factors can be major causes of teeth sensitivity and if you are already facing it, then you can cure it with few preventive measures like – Brush gently & use of soft bristle brush, use toothpaste specially meant for sensitive teeth, and avoid excessive cold or hot and acidic foods like oranges, tomatoes & lemons.

However, at the initial stage of teeth sensitivity you can control such problems but for serious illness visit at the nearest dental care clinic and consult the doctor for complete medical treatment and cure. Here the dentist will recommend the best treatment for tooth sensitivity and if there is a major problem it will be cured and treated professionally with right dental procedures.

Continue Reading

Disease

5 Things You Don’t Know About Coronavirus: New Research & Studies

Published

on

Things You Dot Know About Coronavirus

Coronavirus or COVID-19, became one of the worst pandemics of the century, infected millions and killed tens of thousands of people globally. The virus is deadly, as there is no vaccine developed yet and it is a very highly contagious disease.

Declared as a pandemic and people know lots of things about this deadly virus, like its symptoms, how it spread, what are precautions you need to take to keep yourself protected, and what are the possible remedies and treatments, etc.

But since this virus has been found, it has mutated itself and now there are different symptoms and new things are caming out by various research and studies. So, you need to read what you don’t know about COVID-19 and be aware of this deadly virus.    

Five Things You Still Don’t Know About COVID-19

Things You Still Don’t Know About COVID-19

#1 Men are Dying More Compared to Women

As per the report published in Aljazeera, men are dying more compared to their women. In China, 2.8 percent of men who caught the virus had died, compared with 1.7 percent of women who contracted it. While in Italy, where the death rate is currently 7.2 percent for men and 4.1 percent for women.

Men Dying more compared to Women

Likewise, South Korea, where extensive testing was carried out, despite showing that the proportion of women who tested positive for the virus was higher than that of men, about 54 percent of the reported deaths were still among men.

men vs women death rate due to covid 19

Also Read: Why Young People are also Dying Because of Coronavirus: 4 Reasons

Similarly, in other countries, men are more getting infected and also dying higher compared to their female counterparts. And as per the doctors and medical experts, the main reason behind this is, unhealthy lifestyle, excessive smoking or drinking habits, week immune system, hormonal differences and extra X chromosome in women compare to men.  

#2 Many Patients are Losing their Sense of Smell

As per the research and new studies, patients suffering from coronavirus infection are losing their sense of smell. Though, as per the British Rhinological Society, post-viral anosmia is one of the leading causes of smell loss in adults, accounting for up to 40% of cases.

patients losing smell due to coronavirus

And in a few countries, at least 61 percent reported reduced or lost sense of smell, that the mean onset for reduction or loss in the sense of smell was 3.4 days. And in many countries cases, 73% patients lost their sense of smell prior to coronavirus diagnosis.   

#3 Smokers, Diabetics, Hypertensives Can Suffer Strokes

As per the new studies and research on COVID-19, people suffering from coronavirus infection and having chronic diabetes, hypertension, smoking or bad health conditions can also suffer from unusual strokes or even heart attacks with deadly consequences. 

Strokes due to coronavirus

Covid-19 infection presenting with cerebrovascular accident (stroke) up to 5 to 6 percent, from different studies. And, as per the studies in US, certain young persons have also presented for the first time with stroke due to COVID-19.

#4 COVID-19 in Semen and Can be Sexually Transmitted

Coronavirus is reaching everywhere. As per the recent studies in China, Coronavirus was found in the semen of recovering and acute male COVID-19 patients. Though it remains unknown, according to the CDC, whether the disease can be transmitted sexually. 

coronavirus in semen fact check

In the study, originally published on JAMA Network Open and conducted in Shangqiu, China, six patients—15.8%—of 38 COVID-19-positive males had the virus in their semen. And four of those men with COVID-19 in their semen were at the acute stage of infection, while the other two had already recovered.

coronavirus in semen

Though, the research neither confirms nor denies whether the virus can be sexually transmitted or not. As researchers did not follow up with the participants to determine the duration of coronavirus in their semen and whether the men had spread it to their sexual partners or due to any other sources of transmission. 

#5 There are 10 Different Types of Coronavirus

Seems very amazing to listen, but you are reading correctly. Yes, coronavirus has mutated itself into different forms and now 10 different types of COVID-19 virus are infecting people globally also making it difficult for medical science to research and develop the right vaccine or medicine for the treatments for every virus.

different types of coronavirus

As per the research from the 3,600 coronaviruses sample collected from 55 countries from December 2019 to April 6, 2020, for their study coronavirus had evolved into multiple types during its initial spread in China and the rest of the world.      

Currently, there are 11 types of coronaviruses that are classified into O, A2, A2a, A3, B, B1, O, and so on, including type O which is the ‘ancestral type’ that was first originated from its epicenter in the city of Wuhan, China.

Also Read: New Coronavirus Myths And Facts: 16 Myth Buster Graphics by WHO

Continue Reading

Disease

Why Young People are also Dying Because of Coronavirus: 4 Reasons

Published

on

young people dying coronavirus

Coronavirus or COVID-19 has infected all the age groups of people globally, and its true old age people are mainly and easily getting infected and die due to this infection. But do you know many young people are also dying because of this disease?

And recently researchers have identified reasons why young who are fit and healthy could be dying of the new coronavirus COVID-19. Though, mostly aged people are dying, but it also a true, number of younger people – with no known health problems – have died in the UK or other nations after testing positive for the disease.

Dr. Sanjay Gupta, a neurosurgeon and chief medical correspondent for CNN, wrote in his article, all about the reasons behind the death of young people due to coronavirus. So let’s find out what Dr. Gupta wrote and find out the reasons.  

4 Reasons Young People Dying Due to COVID-19

#1 Variations in the Genetic Factors  

Dr. Gupta said, “One possibility is a gene variation in the ACE2 gene. ACE2 is an enzyme that attaches to the outer surface of cells in the lungs, as well as the heart.” Coronavirus uses such enzymes to enter airway cells and finally into the lungs.

Also Read: 5 Things You Don’t Know About Coronavirus: New Research & Studies

Scientists studying are analyzing the DNA of patients who had serious cases of COVID-19 and no underlying health issues such as diabetes or heart or lung disease, and comparing it with the DNA of those with mild or no pre-existing disease at all.

#2 Depletion of Vital Fluid in the Lungs

As per Dr. Gupta – Another possible factor is that pulmonary surfactant – a fluid secreted by the cells of the tiny air sacs in the lungs – becomes depleted in COVID-19 patients.

This fluid helps the lungs to expand and contract normally, but when the supply is depleted that function is disrupted, the air sacs can collapse and it becomes much harder to breathe for the patients who then supported with ventilators.   

Also Read: How Exactly Coronavirus Attacks, Infects & Affects Body to Death

Moreover, Dr. Gupta also wrote, if you think of your lungs as a sponge, surfactant would be the detergent which would make them soft and pliable. Without surfactant, however, your lung becomes stiff and hard to squeeze making difficult for patents to struggle to breathe even when they are put on the ventilator.  

#3 Highly Sensitive Immune System

In the study, researchers are also looking into the human immune system and how it responds to viruses and bacteria. As it is very much possible that a healthy immune system could lead to severe problems among young people.

Also Read: How To Make Immune System Stronger: 5 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

The third reason Dr. Gupta wrote: “In some young, healthy people, a very reactive immune system could lead to a massive inflammatory storm that could overwhelm the lungs and other organs. In those cases, it is not an aged or weakened immune system that is the problem – it is one that works too well.”

#4 Negligence in Taking the Precautions

The fourth and last reason, there is a possibility some young people thinking they are healthy and invincible, and therefore taking fewer precautions or ignoring social distancing rules to prevent themselves from catching coronavirus.

Those people “have been exposed to much larger viral loads from the environment or suffering from flu, Dr. Gupta added. In the UK, the most seriously affected patients have been the elderly and vulnerable, according to Government statistics.

Also Read: Difference Between Coronavirus vs Cold vs Flu vs Allergy: Graphic

In its most recent update, on March 31, the Office for National Statistics wrote: “The vast majority of deaths involving COVID-19 have been among people aged 65 years and over (100 out of 108), with almost half (45) of these occurring in the over-85 age group.”

In US 29% Patients are 20–44 years

In the US, as of March 16, a total of 4,226 COVID-19 cases had been reported, with reports increasing to 500 or more cases per day beginning March 14.

 Number of new COVID-19 cases reported in US in February 12–March 16, 2020: Image Source

Among 2,449 patients with known age, 6% were aged ≥85, 25% were aged 65–84 years, 18% each were aged 55–64 years and 45–54 years, and 29% were aged 20–44 years. Only 5% of cases occurred in persons aged 0–19 years.

Watch Video: Why Young People Are Vulnerable to COVID-19?

Sources: Mirror UK, CNN & CDC

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Latest Posts

applications of image annotation applications of image annotation
Artificial Intelligence3 weeks ago

Top 5 Applications of Image Annotation in Machine Learning & AI

At the time of developing the AI models through machine learning (ML) first and most important thing you need, relevant...

types of medical diagnostic imaging types of medical diagnostic imaging
Artificial Intelligence3 weeks ago

Types of Medical Diagnostic Imaging Analysis by Deep Learning AI

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning have enough potential to make various tasks in the healthcare industry possible with accurate...

trade between india and china trade between india and china
Economy3 weeks ago

How Much India-China Export and Import from Each Other Annually?

Amid the tension rising between India and China at the border, Indian folks are demanding to boycott the Chinese products...

facts about sushant singh Rajput facts about sushant singh Rajput
Bollywood3 weeks ago

5 Interesting Facts About Sushant Singh Rajput You May Don’t Know

Sushant Singh Rajput – One of the emerging actor of Bollywood, who committed suicide on 14th June 2020, has shaken...

social media content moderation social media content moderation
SMO4 weeks ago

What is Social Media Content Moderation; How it Works & Why it is Important?

Social media is one of the most widely accessible online platforms people use to share their personal views, opinions and...

Tips for Hourglass Body Tips for Hourglass Body
Fashion1 month ago

How to Dress Hourglass Figure Casually: Six Clothing Fashion Tips

Having an hourglass figure would be lucky for you. With this curved body shape, you could have the best body...

causes of sensitive teeth causes of sensitive teeth
Disease1 month ago

What are the Causes of Sensitive Teeth: 5 Reasons of Sensitivity?

It could be challenging for you to eat cold, hot and sour foods or drinks if you feel sensitivity in...

disadvantages of drinking cold water disadvantages of drinking cold water
Health2 months ago

Why Is It Bad to Drink Cold Water: Dangers of Drinking Cold Water

In summers thirstiness level surges, and you drink lots of water. And most of the people look for cold water...

most amazing animals in the world most amazing animals in the world
Environment2 months ago

15 Most Amazing Animals in the World You Have Never Seen: Images

Nature is amazing and habitation of a wide variety of animals. There are about 8.7 million (give or take 1.3...

human in the loop ai human in the loop ai
Machine Learning2 months ago

What is Human in the Loop Machine Learning: Why & How Used in AI?

In today’s era, mechanization taking place everywhere with a new age of development in more automated systems, applications, and robots,...

Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement

Trending

en English
X