After spreading in mainland China and neighboring countries like Japan and South Korea, coronavirus disease (COVID-19) now outbreaks in Europe with more than 300 cases and 11 deaths in Italy alone, the worst hit area in the Eurozone.
Till now the epicenter China now reported more than 80,000 people infected and killed over 2700. While on the other hand, more than 1,000 people have been infected in South Korea and 10 people have died.
Now it spreading in Europe at rapid speed with new cases reported in Austria, Croatia and Switzerland which was due to the infected people visited Italy came into the contact of diseased people there and reached at least 44 countries.
Coronavirus Europe Update:
- In Austria, a young Italian couple who live in Innsbruck in the Tyrol were confirmed to have the virus. One of the pair worked at a hotel, which has been put in lockdown. The couple’s home is also sealed off.
- Switzerland said a man in his seventies living in Ticino, bordering Italy, had been infected in the city of Milan on 15 February and was now in isolation.
- A man in Croatia who recently returned from Italy became the first confirmed patient in the Balkans.
- In Spain’s Tenerife, up to 1,000 guests were locked down in a hotel after an Italian doctor and his wife tested positive for the virus.
- Spain reported its first case on the mainland, involving a woman in Barcelona who had been to northern Italy.
- France and Germany also reported new cases involving people who had recently been to northern Italy.
New Cases Other Than Europe
Italy with at least 322 cases and 11 deaths is one of three global hot-spots outside China. While in Iran, least 139 cases, 19 deaths reported. The infection of the country’s deputy health minister has deepened fears that the virus has already spread widely.
While, South Korea with 12 deaths reported 115 new cases, bringing the total to 1,261, according to Korea’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC). KCDC said the 169 coronavirus cases announced earlier included a US soldier.
In Japan at least 164 cases, 1 death reported. And like Korea, the number of cases spiked over the weekend and now are more than twice as high as they were a week ago.
In Brazil, local media reported on Tuesday that an initial test on a 61-year-old man who had recently been to northern Italy had come out positive.
In Singapore at least 91 cases, 0 deaths Singapore reported its first coronavirus case a month ago, and the rise in reported cases has been steady since, averaging almost 3 new cases a day.
While on the other hand, Diamond Princess cruise ship had the highest number of confirmed cases outside of China. The Cruise ship parked in Yokohama, Japan confirmed at least 691 cases, 3 deaths.
Owing to avoid the uncontrollable outbreaks, many countries have closed its borders, stopped aviation and travel outgoing and incoming from China and other highly infected nations.
Such activities are affecting the trade globally, especially China which is one of the largest exporter in the world getting affected due slowdown of trade.
5 Things You Don’t Know About Coronavirus: New Research & Studies
Coronavirus or COVID-19, became one of the worst pandemics of the century, infected millions and killed tens of thousands of people globally. The virus is deadly, as there is no vaccine developed yet and it is a very highly contagious disease.
Declared as a pandemic and people know lots of things about this deadly virus, like its symptoms, how it spread, what are precautions you need to take to keep yourself protected, and what are the possible remedies and treatments, etc.
But since this virus has been found, it has mutated itself and now there are different symptoms and new things are caming out by various research and studies. So, you need to read what you don’t know about COVID-19 and be aware of this deadly virus.
Five Things You Still Don’t Know About COVID-19
#1 Men are Dying More Compared to Women
As per the report published in Aljazeera, men are dying more compared to their women. In China, 2.8 percent of men who caught the virus had died, compared with 1.7 percent of women who contracted it. While in Italy, where the death rate is currently 7.2 percent for men and 4.1 percent for women.
Likewise, South Korea, where extensive testing was carried out, despite showing that the proportion of women who tested positive for the virus was higher than that of men, about 54 percent of the reported deaths were still among men.
Similarly, in other countries, men are more getting infected and also dying higher compared to their female counterparts. And as per the doctors and medical experts, the main reason behind this is, unhealthy lifestyle, excessive smoking or drinking habits, week immune system, hormonal differences and extra X chromosome in women compare to men.
#2 Many Patients are Losing their Sense of Smell
As per the research and new studies, patients suffering from coronavirus infection are losing their sense of smell. Though, as per the British Rhinological Society, post-viral anosmia is one of the leading causes of smell loss in adults, accounting for up to 40% of cases.
And in a few countries, at least 61 percent reported reduced or lost sense of smell, that the mean onset for reduction or loss in the sense of smell was 3.4 days. And in many countries cases, 73% patients lost their sense of smell prior to coronavirus diagnosis.
#3 Smokers, Diabetics, Hypertensives Can Suffer Strokes
As per the new studies and research on COVID-19, people suffering from coronavirus infection and having chronic diabetes, hypertension, smoking or bad health conditions can also suffer from unusual strokes or even heart attacks with deadly consequences.
Covid-19 infection presenting with cerebrovascular accident (stroke) up to 5 to 6 percent, from different studies. And, as per the studies in US, certain young persons have also presented for the first time with stroke due to COVID-19.
#4 COVID-19 in Semen and Can be Sexually Transmitted
Coronavirus is reaching everywhere. As per the recent studies in China, Coronavirus was found in the semen of recovering and acute male COVID-19 patients. Though it remains unknown, according to the CDC, whether the disease can be transmitted sexually.
In the study, originally published on JAMA Network Open and conducted in Shangqiu, China, six patients—15.8%—of 38 COVID-19-positive males had the virus in their semen. And four of those men with COVID-19 in their semen were at the acute stage of infection, while the other two had already recovered.
Though, the research neither confirms nor denies whether the virus can be sexually transmitted or not. As researchers did not follow up with the participants to determine the duration of coronavirus in their semen and whether the men had spread it to their sexual partners or due to any other sources of transmission.
#5 There are 10 Different Types of Coronavirus
Seems very amazing to listen, but you are reading correctly. Yes, coronavirus has mutated itself into different forms and now 10 different types of COVID-19 virus are infecting people globally also making it difficult for medical science to research and develop the right vaccine or medicine for the treatments for every virus.
As per the research from the 3,600 coronaviruses sample collected from 55 countries from December 2019 to April 6, 2020, for their study coronavirus had evolved into multiple types during its initial spread in China and the rest of the world.
Currently, there are 11 types of coronaviruses that are classified into O, A2, A2a, A3, B, B1, O, and so on, including type O which is the ‘ancestral type’ that was first originated from its epicenter in the city of Wuhan, China.
What is The Difference Between Quarantine and Isolation: COVID-19
People who are suspected with Coronavirus or COVID-19, are kept under the observation by the health authorities or doctors. However, there is confusion, as these health officials keep few people under isolation and few under quarantine.
And if you also don’t know what is the difference between isolation and quarantine, you can read here. We tried to make it clear and explained how exactly these two are different from each other and how they are treated under these two processes.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN QUARANTINE AND ISOLATION
What is Isolation in Coronavirus?
Isolation is the process when someone who is already sick with a communicable disease like coronavirus or epidemic is separated from healthy individuals until they are no longer contagious and become healthy or free from such infections.
As per the health authorities under the “isolation” suspected people or patient as keeping a patient in a negative pressure room, where fresh air can only flow inside the room, but contaminated air not allowed for outflow from the room.
In such rooms only used for airborne germs, such as measles, that can live floating in the air for an extended period of time. However, an individual does not necessarily have to be in a negative pressure room in order to be isolated from the general population.
They might be moved to a particular area of the hospital, for example, or be asked to stay in their own home, away from other people. Depending on the situation, extensive steps may be taken to prevent a person who is sick from passing the pathogen to other people, such as being guarded or monitored in special medical facilities.
What is Quarantine in COVID-19?
While on the other hand, Quarantine, is used when someone who has been exposed to a highly contagious disease like COVID-19, but who is not yet sick—is separated from healthy people or asked to limit their movements to avoid spread.
Actually, quarantine is particularly important for illnesses where people can spread the germ to others before developing symptoms or without ever feeling sick. Such people might be suffering from common cold, flu or any type of other allergies.
The word “quarantine” has been used only for court orders, where individuals are legally required to stay at home or in a specific facility. However, people having strong immunity are at less risk of getting infected with this deadly virus.
However, the term has been expanded to include medical orders made by doctors or recommendations from health officials that individuals stay in their homes if they’ve come into contact with someone infected with a particular disease.
Many times, people in touch with people who have recently found infected with COVID-19 infection, keep themselves quarantine at their house while working from home. And after 14-15 days, which is the incubation period of this virus, if they feel healthy and fit, they can live normally, but if any symptoms arise take proper medication.
Why Young People are also Dying Because of Coronavirus: 4 Reasons
Coronavirus or COVID-19 has infected all the age groups of people globally, and its true old age people are mainly and easily getting infected and die due to this infection. But do you know many young people are also dying because of this disease?
And recently researchers have identified reasons why young who are fit and healthy could be dying of the new coronavirus COVID-19. Though, mostly aged people are dying, but it also a true, number of younger people – with no known health problems – have died in the UK or other nations after testing positive for the disease.
Dr. Sanjay Gupta, a neurosurgeon and chief medical correspondent for CNN, wrote in his article, all about the reasons behind the death of young people due to coronavirus. So let’s find out what Dr. Gupta wrote and find out the reasons.
4 Reasons Young People Dying Due to COVID-19
#1 Variations in the Genetic Factors
Dr. Gupta said, “One possibility is a gene variation in the ACE2 gene. ACE2 is an enzyme that attaches to the outer surface of cells in the lungs, as well as the heart.” Coronavirus uses such enzymes to enter airway cells and finally into the lungs.
Scientists studying are analyzing the DNA of patients who had serious cases of COVID-19 and no underlying health issues such as diabetes or heart or lung disease, and comparing it with the DNA of those with mild or no pre-existing disease at all.
#2 Depletion of Vital Fluid in the Lungs
As per Dr. Gupta – Another possible factor is that pulmonary surfactant – a fluid secreted by the cells of the tiny air sacs in the lungs – becomes depleted in COVID-19 patients.
This fluid helps the lungs to expand and contract normally, but when the supply is depleted that function is disrupted, the air sacs can collapse and it becomes much harder to breathe for the patients who then supported with ventilators.
Moreover, Dr. Gupta also wrote, if you think of your lungs as a sponge, surfactant would be the detergent which would make them soft and pliable. Without surfactant, however, your lung becomes stiff and hard to squeeze making difficult for patents to struggle to breathe even when they are put on the ventilator.
#3 Highly Sensitive Immune System
In the study, researchers are also looking into the human immune system and how it responds to viruses and bacteria. As it is very much possible that a healthy immune system could lead to severe problems among young people.
The third reason Dr. Gupta wrote: “In some young, healthy people, a very reactive immune system could lead to a massive inflammatory storm that could overwhelm the lungs and other organs. In those cases, it is not an aged or weakened immune system that is the problem – it is one that works too well.”
#4 Negligence in Taking the Precautions
The fourth and last reason, there is a possibility some young people thinking they are healthy and invincible, and therefore taking fewer precautions or ignoring social distancing rules to prevent themselves from catching coronavirus.
Those people “have been exposed to much larger viral loads from the environment or suffering from flu, Dr. Gupta added. In the UK, the most seriously affected patients have been the elderly and vulnerable, according to Government statistics.
In its most recent update, on March 31, the Office for National Statistics wrote: “The vast majority of deaths involving COVID-19 have been among people aged 65 years and over (100 out of 108), with almost half (45) of these occurring in the over-85 age group.”
In US 29% Patients are 20–44 years
In the US, as of March 16, a total of 4,226 COVID-19 cases had been reported, with reports increasing to 500 or more cases per day beginning March 14.
Among 2,449 patients with known age, 6% were aged ≥85, 25% were aged 65–84 years, 18% each were aged 55–64 years and 45–54 years, and 29% were aged 20–44 years. Only 5% of cases occurred in persons aged 0–19 years.
Watch Video: Why Young People Are Vulnerable to COVID-19?
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